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B991 Health And Social Care Question: 1 Provide a period of effective personal care to an individual to promote independent living in an at-home or near home setting. 2 Assess different approaches used to meet the needs of an individual living independently including the level of support required from different services. 3 Explain how an identified healthcare worker enables effective independent living support to individual service users, as part of a multidisciplinary team 4 Analyse the impact of partnership approaches in enriching the experience of supported independent living.  Answer: Introduction: Effective personal care refers to things that an individual need support with such as showering, bathing, dressing, application of creams and lotions and toileting all being able to be done at the comfort of an individual home setting. Effective personal care requires daily maintenance of healthy practices such as showering and bathing, oral hygiene, support with shaving, foot care for those who have been diagnosed of diabetic and physical exercise for those that are overweight. On the other hand, independent living may refer to retirement homes or retirement communities where older people are looking for a lifestyle that can engage their day to day chore actively. Independent living mostly involves using options to make more out of the retirement period. Effective personal care should be provided to individuals of old age to promote independent living among their homes. This may include, financial security, social interaction and integration, emotional support, home safety, and a healthy living. Personal care should be provided to individuals during their senior years to enable them to plan well for their retirement when they age and helping them live independent lives. This may include ensuring they have the right resources available to support them during retirement period to live happily and safely within their own homes (Bond, Buckingham and Schumacher, 2015). APPROACHES Social interaction and integration Majority of people get isolated as they age especially when they live alone at home. Among the risks associated with isolations may include, loneliness, physical safety, and depression. Engaging in social activities actively is very important as people age to achieve the objective of independent living. This helps to improve both emotional and mental health problems including physical vitality. Volunteering can also be another approach of making one get involved which makes someone feel appreciated and valued. Active social interaction can enhance motivation in individual life making him or her be stronger every morning and have a feeling of fulfillment and happiness (Cangiano and Shutes, 2010). Home safety Independent living requires making some modifications at home to meet the needs of ageing population. For example, to prevent the risks of injury on slippery flow, smooth carpeting can be removed to prevent falling and allow a better mobility for the old persons. Staying at home as an independent person requires protecting your safety and health through making living areas practical. This is very important, especially when promoting personalized care for people who want to live an independent lives. Extra home safety measures may include installation of medical alert systems, home alarm systems and cellular phones can enhance independent living at home. This can help one during times of emergency thereby giving peace of mind (Carter, Brown and Brett, 2014). Emotional Support Maintaining a close relationship with people who care and trust helps in closing emotional vacuum. Lack of companionship can affect independent living thereby leading to depression or loneliness. This may involve someone whom you can share feelings with and confide. Financial Security Ability to live a comfortable independent life during retirement depends on the plans someone had before the retire period. Having enough funds can enable you to do things that you love during your retirement period and enhance independent living. This may include being able to pay for home upkeeps, insurance, health covers as well as home care assistance. The best approach is having early education on the right investments which can help someone during the retirement period. This allows a consistent and stable income utilization during senior years. Another measure may including a selection of the right period of time for retirement for easy management of independent life while living at home (Harper, 2016). Community Healthcare Worker A community healthcare worker can help in implementing independent living among people of old age. This can be achieved through various health promotion strategies such as advocate, mediate and enable. Through this strategies, individuals will be able to achieve their ability to live an independent life at their homes easily and without difficulties (Katz, 2012).   Advocate. Community healthcare workers can emphasize the need for strengthening financial investments among people while they are still at a senior age. This is may include advising them advising them on the need to seek education on the right types of investments which can help them during retirement. A well-planned community is likely to experience fewer cases of individuals who can sustain themselves at home. Community health workers can be used to assess those families who need urgent care and stress on health risks associated with old age which requires independent living (Changhyun Kang, 2013). Mediate. Community health care workers need to intervene when there are health issues affecting old age people in the community and help bring solutions to their loves. This can include sourcing of emergency treatment when they get urgent conditions such as stroke which can affect their ability to sustain independent life (Lai and Taylor-Robinson, 2018). Enable. Community health workers have a responsibility of ensuring old age people in the community access reliable information about health issues affecting them. They also need to make it possible for retired people to easily access medical services without difficulty or home diagnosis. For those old people with physical disabilities, community health care workers need to negotiate on their behalf for a donation of wheelchairs to improve their mobility. A partnership can help old age people to realize the importance of independent living through early education on the importance of financial security during senior age. The partnership involves working with multi-agent departments in achieving a common goal hence it can be beneficial to individuals approaching retirement age to plan their finances well to able to sustain themselves during that period. A partnership may also help in the donation of wheelchairs for those people who are disabled in the community to improve mobility (Morris and Campbell, 2017). They can educate people on health issues associated with old age addressing their solutions hence helping in control of conditions such as depression and loneliness which are associated with poor emotional support for older people in our societies. A partnership can improve realization of independent living through the provision of enough funds to promote independent living among people through the covering of the project on a wider geographic location and reaching a large number of population. References Bond, A., Buckingham, A. and Schumacher, J. (2015). A survey of UK acute clinicians’ knowledge of personal protective requirements for infectious diseases and chemical, biological, and radiological warfare agents. Critical Care, 19(Suppl 1), p.P86. Cangiano, A. and Shutes, I. (2010). Ageing, Demand for Care and the Role of Migrant Care Workers in the UK. Journal of Population Ageing, 3(1-2), pp.39-57. Carter, J., Brown, M. and Brett, B. (2014). Creative Teaching in Health and Social Care using the UK Data Service. Health and Social Care Education, 3(1), pp.16-22. Changhyun Kang (2013). Tools of Linkage for Integrating Health and Social Care: Commissioning of UK. Health and Social Welfare Review, 33(1), pp.417-450. Harper, S. (2016). Making the UK more Resilient to Age-Structural Change and Longevity: Translating Academic Evidence into Policy. Journal of Population Ageing, 9(4), pp.285-287. Katz, M. (2012). The Value of Community Health Workers. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(22), p.1758. Lai, E. and Taylor-Robinson, D. (2018). Simulating the impact of poverty reduction on social inequalities in adolescent mental health in the UK: a causal mediation analysis using the UK Millennium Cohort Study. The Lancet, 392, p.S48. Morris, R. and Campbell, S. (2017). ISQUA17-2610 Where Next for Primary Care Patient Safety? A National UK Prioritization Setting Partnership. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 29(suppl_1), pp.62-63.

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