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EM9107 Environmental Health And Safety Management

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EM9107 Environmental Health And Safety Management Question Write a critical evaluation of the policies, procedures and strategies of the case studies Safety traning in hazardous. Answer Topics Covered In The Article: Types of Hazards that can be reduced by safety training (Falls, Incorrect Machine Use, Physical Injuries, Medical Emergencies) Typical Training Topics; Monthly Training Topics; Training Planning Checklist; Assessment of training needs; Setting Priorities; Other alternatives and support to training (Changing equipment, changing procedure, installing engineering controls, changing supervision); Identifying objectives; Assessment of Safety training; Needs for training for the Safety Trainers; Preparing Training Materials; Types of training methods; Challenges in safety training; Preventing fatal incidents; Training Games; Developing training profram; Reasons for job accidents; Adapting training; Pigeonholing older workers; Communication tips; Trainer Effectiveness Policies and Procedure that can be covered in the safety training includes: Company safety policies and work rules Safety practices and procedures for accident prevention Regulations related to smoking Procedures on emergency evacuation Reporting accidents, injuries Safe housekeeping rules Facility security system and procedure Handling procedures for materials and safe lifting technbiques Safe methods for handling, using, or storing hazardous materials, and the location of MSDSs Strategies Types of training methods: Classroom training (discussions, lectures, storytelling, videos and powerpoint presentations) Hands on practice and demonstrations On Job Training and cross training Computer base training (presentations, multimedia and e learning) Strategies to deliver lectures: Short 7 min lecture sessions Training Games Strategy to improve effectiveness of training Summary: The article discusses the various hazards in an offshore oil and gas industry, including some specific challenges that are gender specific, and faced by women. Hazards in Oil and Gas Drilling: worker safety, geographic challenges and gender specific issues Geographic Challenges: Indentifying deposits in the rock, identifying reservoirs and traps, exploration and field delineation. Offshore drilling types: Jack Up Rigs, Deep Water Drilling Notable Accidents: Land Well in Asia, Piper Alpha, Oman 2002, India 2001, Indonesia 2000, Deepwater Horizon Worker Safety Training: Survival Training, Using Equipments to get off the installation; Emergence Response System  (Escape chutes); Location Specific training: (H2S, Mercury, High Temperature, HEAT (Hostile Environment Awareness Training)) Gender Specific Issues: 3% of women work in Offshore Oil and Gas Industry (mainly in catering, maintenance and health & safety). Chalenges Faced by Wemen: Environmental, Accomodations, Physical Strength, Stereotyping, peer perception Biggest Challenge: Individual perception Policies And Procedures: Survival Training Safeguard Engineering Offshore specific training Emergence Response Training BIOSEIT training Major Shipyard Accidents: Spyros Accident FPSO conversion process (components: pre arrival to conversion yard, arrival shipyard, construction/ commissioning, Turret Module Fabrication, Flare System, Fuel Gas, Separation, Water Injection, Export Metering, Utilities, Power generation, e house, steam boilers, marine systems) Major Offshore Accidents Safety Case: Purpose Major Accident Hazards: Hydrocarbon related (Fire/Explosion, Gas dispersion); Non Hydrocarbon related (Transportation accident, ship collision, Crane and boom collapse, occupational accident, dropped objects) Elements of a Safety Case: descriptive (info on MHI), MAPP & SHMS (Focus on major accident), Predictive (Identification of Major Accidents & Risk Assessment), Process Safety, Mechanical Engineering, Electrica, control & instrumentation, Human Factors (safety, critical task, roles and design), Emergency response (incorporating domino impact), ALARP (gap analysis and demonstration). Elements Of Hazard Management And Safety Training: Hazard Management and FSA; Dispersion and Radiation; Hydrocarbon gas release; Fire and Explosion; Safety Integrity Levels (SIL): SIL 0, SIL A, SIL 1, SIL 2, SIL 3, SIL 4; Non Hydrocarbon Hazard Analysis (IRPA and PLL); Quantifying Risk: IRPA (individual risk per annum); Predicted Noise Level Contour; Risk Matrices; Dropped Objects; Understanding risk.; Tolerable vs Acceptable Risk; ALARP and Tolerable risk; Risk Martix FPSE Conversion Safety Case Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis Hazard Management and FSAFIre and Explosion Study Safety Integration Level Studies No Hydrocarbon hazard analysis Quantifying Risk Risk Metrics ALARP Tolerable Risk YUV SUD at a Glance: 150 years of quality and safety, 1000 loacations globally, 6.3 billion euro annual revenue, 24000 employees, 43% revenue outside Germany, 574000 certifications, 100% independent and impartial, 1 stop solution provider. Strategic Themes: Consumer Protection, Digital Transformation, Sustainable Development, Urbanization Target Industries: Aumotive and Road Safety, Consumer Products and Food, Energy and Processing, Healthcare and Medical Devices, Industrial Manufacturing, Real Estate and Infrastructure Expertise: testing and product certification, inspection, auditing and system certification, knowledge services, training Incidents: Mannnheim steam boiler accident 1866; Chicago Expo File 1894 Stakeholder Involvement: Government and Regulatory Agencies, Manufacturers, Retailer/Distributer, Consumer, Standards and Certification Organization Customer Concerns: safety, reliability, accuracy of data, impact/effect of usage, accessibility, hazards, privacy, value for money Considerations for adoption: reliability, security, performance, meeting requirements, safety, standards, liability, data collection, eco friendliness. Regulating Authority: safety, regulations, security, track record, environmental friendliness Global Trends: accelerated globalization, increased global trades, climate change Classification of product compliance requirements Consumer safety Product Safety Conformity Assessment System Codes and standards Accreditation Product Safety: Risk assessment (inherent risks of a product, risks from product usage) Non Tariff Barriers Product Liability References Thomson, J.R., 2015. High integrity systems and safety management in hazardous industries. Butterworth-Heinemann. Zohar, D., 2014. Safety climate: Conceptualization, measurement, and improvement. The Oxford handbook of organizational climate and culture, pp.317-334. Watkins, D.A., Dabestani, N., Nugent, R. and Levin, C., 2017. Interventions to Prevent Injuries and Reduce Environmental and Occupational Hazards: A Review of Economic Evaluations from Low-and Middle-Income Countries. Injury Prevention and Environmental Health, p.199. Meng, Q., 2016. The spatiotemporal characteristics of environmental hazards caused by offshore oil and gas operations in the Gulf of Mexico. Science of the Total Environment, 565, pp.663-671. Hassan, R.B., Asad, M.M., Soomro, Q.M. and Sherwani, F., 2017. Severity of the Casing and Cementing Operation with Associated Potential Hazards in the Drilling Process in the On and Offshore Oil and Gas Industry: A Cross-Sectional Investigation into Safety Management. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities. Sawyer, D.E., Reece, R.S., Gulick, S.P. and Lenz, B.L., 2017. Submarine landslide and tsunami hazards offshore southern Alaska: Seismic strengthening versus rapid sedimentation. Geophysical Research Letters, 44(16), pp.8435-8442. Zambrano, N.P., Bargawi, R., Mutawa, A., Aramco, S., Hadj-Moussa, A., Mazouz, C., Viera, P. and Zambrano, R., 2015, April. The Successful Application of MPD Technology in Drilling Horizontal Wells in a High Pressure Formation Heterogeneity to Mitigate Drilling Hazards: Case Study. In SPE/IADC Managed Pressure Drilling and Underbalanced Operations Conference & Exhibition. Society of Petroleum Engineers. Lioy, P.J., Hauser, R., Gennings, C., Koch, H.M., Mirkes, P.E., Schwetz, B.A. and Kortenkamp, A., 2015. Assessment of phthalates/phthalate alternatives in children’s toys and childcare articles: Review of the report including conclusions and recommendation of the Chronic Hazard Advisory Panel of the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 25(4), p.343.

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