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HP403 Health Systems And Policies In Developing Countries

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HP403 Health Systems And Policies In Developing Countries Question: What are the most serious health issues associated with developing countries around the world and what solutions can you suggest? Answer: Introduction:  One of the greatest contributing factors to the growth and prosperity of a nation is the overall health status of the citizens. Developing countries in the present day face a variety of different health adversities. The most important contributing factors behind the raging health adversities are the rapid changes in the lifestyle and the socio-economic backgrounds of the citizens (Waning, Diedrichsen and Moon 2010). This assignment will attempt to discover the top three health adversities or challenges that the developing countries at present are facing, along with the contributing factors behind the problems and their solutions. Problem 1: Smoking And Drinking:  One of the main concerns for the developing nations and an alarming public health priority is the accessible alcohol and substance addiction in the different individuals. In case of smoking, the data reported are even more alarming; the increase of cigarette smoking among the developing nations have caught the attention of global health authorities as well. According to the recent statistics, among the African rural and suburban regions, around 77% of underage children have been reported to be addicted to alcohol. However, it has to be mentioned that whereas the poverty, lack of education and socio-economic stability is the main contributing factor behind the rise in the addiction to alcohol and smoking in the rural regions, in case of the urban regions the consumption is merely a social act which later leads to abuse (Abdullah et al. 2013). As solution recommendations, the focus should be on educating the different socio-economic sectors of the society and promotional campaigning that will help in waring the population about the disadvantages of addiction. In addition, its consequences like cancer, cardiovascular diseases, liver sclerosis, and respiratory disorders. Along with that, there is a need for improving the infrastructure so that all the different socio-economic sectors of the society can have equal access to health and social services to overcome the addiction (Abdullah et al. 2013). Problem 2: HIV/AIDS:  Another very common concern for the developing countries that has been rising effectively has been the increasingly escalating rate of HIV and AIDs. The most common reasons behind the growing rates are the lack of literacy in the youth regarding protected intercourse and escalating use of same needle usage in the injection drug users. Among all the other developing countries, the remote regions of the sub-Saharan Africa are the under the most threat due to communicable disease outbreaks due to unhygienic and unprotected lifestyle and care delivery conditions (Kennedy et al. 2010). The solution strategies for reducing the concern must focus on awareness and health literacy campaigns. It has to be understood that the lack of literacy regrading the communicable diseases, and preventative as well as promotional campaigning for all socio-economic sectors of the society can be extremely beneficial. Problem 3: Pollution:  The greatest threat to the health and wellbeing of the developing countries has to be the growing pollution in both the rural and urban regions. It has to be understood that the impact of pollution is immense and the ever rising global warming is a conspicuous proof of that. On a more elaborative and specific note, the impact of extreme pollution and increasing abundance of SPM or suspended particulate matter in the air has become one of the greatest reasons behind the respiratory concerns and skin diseases in the citizens (Awomeso et al. 2010). Considering the contributing factor behind the rising pollution in the developing countries, the abrupt industrial boom and population growth can be considered. As a result, of which fossil fuel usage and toxic waste emission has increased drastically as well, contributing tremendously to the overall pollution status (McGranahan 2012). The solution to this issue can be the overall and large- scale switch from fossil fuel usage to alternative resources for both domestic and industrial usage. Along with that, there is need for enhanced awareness in all sectors of society so that both the domestic and industrial waste disposal can be more optimal and can avoid polluting the environment. Conclusion:  On a concluding note, it can be mentioned that the developing nations are progressing at a fast pace in terms of both modernization, and technological and economic revolution. And the challenges that have arose are partly contributed by the growth patterns as well. The lack of awareness and social and ecological responsibility is the main concern behind the massive increase in the challenges. However, with strategic action taken to combat these situations, governed by cumulative effort from national and global authorities, these challenges can be easily overcome. References:  Abdullah, A.S., Stillman, F.A., Yang, L., Luo, H., Zhang, Z. and Samet, J.M., 2013. Tobacco use and smoking cessation practices among physicians in developing countries: A literature review (1987–2010). International journal of environmental research and public health, 11(1), pp.429-455. Andreuccetti, G., Carvalho, H.B., Cherpitel, C.J., Ye, Y., Ponce, J.C., Kahn, T. and Leyton, V., 2011. Reducing the legal blood alcohol concentration limit for driving in developing countries: a time for change? Results and implications derived from a time–series analysis (2001–10) conducted in Brazil. Addiction, 106(12), pp.2124-2131. Awomeso, J.A., Taiwo, A.M., Gbadebo, A.M. and Arimoro, A.O., 2010. Waste disposal and pollution management in urban areas: a workable remedy for the environment in developing countries. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 6(1), pp.26-32. Kennedy, C.E., Medley, A.M., Sweat, M.D. and O’Reilly, K.R., 2010. Behavioural interventions for HIV positive prevention in developing countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88(8), pp.615-623. McGranahan, G., 2012. Air pollution and health in rapidly developing countries. Earthscan. Waning, B., Diedrichsen, E. and Moon, S., 2010. A lifeline to treatment: the role of Indian generic manufacturers in supplying antiretroviral medicines to developing countries. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 13(1), p.35.

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