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NIT6130 Introduction To Research

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NIT6130 Introduction To Research Question: Develop deep understanding of research ethics in high education study. Collect and analyse ethics related information to deal with an interested research work. Have a comprehensive understandingof ethics policy used in your education institute, state and residential nation. Choose one of the two options below to write up an assay for conducting ethical research in science or social science study. Please select ONE option ONLY.Outline an interested research topic and proposed approach (what are you going to implement your research work) for your master degree study and identify the associated ethical, integrity and safety issues and risks associated with what you are proposing. For each identified area how will these be addressed through the proposed approach to key aspects of the research and how can you substantiate that the approach you are proposing to deal with the identified risks is defensible ethically in relation to codes for research and professional conduct relevant to the field The material you develop in this topic will be able to be directly incorporated into your research project and/or ethics application. Choose one of the following research cases and write a report on the ethics issues that may happen.You need to consider both pros and cons of certain type of research. Together with the ethics issues you will consider in the chosen case, you also need to provide the response plan to solve the problems according to the ethics policies, principles, rules in VU, VIC state and Australia. Research Cases: Genetic Engineering Nuclear Testing Human drug trials (pharmacological research) Customer expectation study on online gaming Browser experience satisfaction on VU website Animal research involving non-primates Animal research involving primates Nervous system research Gambler behavioural analysis Speech recognition Smartphone hacking simulation/testing in real workplace environment Medical history storing and sharing among public clinics via cloud computing technology Sleep quality study Answer: In our research ethics paper, we will establish the fact that the use of improved IT scanned records for storing, sharing, and retrieving patient records will increase the efficiency and workflow in most healthcare facilities. Traditional health records also known as “Good” health records require 35 operational steps by 18 individuals to ensure storage, retrieval, and sharing of patient health history. Alternatively, by employing a sophisticated IT technique, record scanning will need 11 steps; instead of 35 and operated by 6 individuals. We can therefore, deduce that this ethics paper is also a system implementation study (Alsafi, Abduallah and Pathan, 2014). The paper proposes an electronic medical record that will use the cloud computing technology of open-flow based approach to store, retrieve, and share patient health history. Many reasons led to the choosing of this technology. However, the major reason is paper medical records’ delayed delivery to clinics. Another reason (though not as important as the first one) is the missing of patients health history. The missing records alternatively affect patient care. In our case, the proposed system is IT specific to ensure that it scans medical records and store them in the required manner (Almudawi, 2016). Research Background All clinicians are required to continue using paper medical records before the proposed system is launched. The medical history forms must be filled by hand and verified before storage. After implementation of the IT scanned system, risk of duplication or lose of medical histories will be cubed. Since medical record images are stored in online portals, patients’ care is enhanced. Cloud storage ensures that multiple individuals and healthcare facilities access patient medical records. Clinicians can as well view the scanned images for a period of 48 hours (Portny, 2013). Clinical improvement is the main issue driving the use of scanned records to manual paper records. In recent years, medical record processing has been redesigned in the HIS, Outpatients, and Preadmission sections. However, the redesigning has led to improvements in the mentioned sections. The improvements were driven by the fact that about 9% of traditional paper records are not provided by the clinicians or delayed. Since the unavailability of clinical information increased, risk soared as well. It is for the same reason that the basis of this ethics paper is written. After the implementation of the system, scanned electronic medical records will be available for all patients (Verzuh, 2016). Project Objectives In relation to strategic planning, the relevance of the system is: To ensure that health services are of high quality and safe. Such will be achieved through scanned electronic medical records access. To enable healthcare facilities live by their means through cost savings and system payback provision. To ensure that healthcare facilities are modernized by introducing new technologies. The clinical staff will be educated on the planned changes. The education process will include: Holding unit and staff meeting discussions Displaying presentations and attending workshops Group and individual training Archiving and revising policies on documented Medical Record Briefings with clerical staff and assessing project feedbacks Site benchmarks to other relevant services As mentioned before, the records that will be in use before the implementation of the system will remain relevant and used in their original formats. The system to be implemented must therefore be hybrid in nature. The remaining volumes of paper records are rendered useless but would still be used as reference materials. Concerning our strategic plan, this system will: Provide safe and quality services through scanned electronic medical records access. Ensure that healthcare facilities live by their means through cost savings. Modernize health facilities by introducing new technologies. All the printed-paper records will still be in use because the system is hybrid in nature. However, the forms will be scanned into electronic forms for future use. The work of the clinicians will be to rationalize the scanned forms and sort them according to the purpose they serve. All the electronic forms will have printed bar codes on them (Leading Edge, 2017). The codes will carry “metadata.” The “metadata” denotes the type of form and the storage location with which the form fits. Since the scanned medical records IT specific, a scanning software and cloud storage platform are essential. The Open-Flow-Based framework is identified as the right online platform for this system. The identified framework has two network programmability features known as the OVS and OFS features. These features ensure that the cloud-computing environment can be configured to enhance security protections (Cloud Services, 2017). Concerning costs, this cloud storage venture is likely to consume sum of $180,000 to $250,000. We have also established the fact that the vendors of online storage platforms are likely to increase their prices. On the contrary, if this system is implemented, recall rate in relation to the storage and retrieval of medical records will be high. The figure below shows the approximate time taken to complete the whole project and implement it:    key Stakeholders Every successful project requires the intervention of a project team to ensure its implementation. In our case, we have a team that is responsible for the entire research activity from study to implementation. The project team is also responsible for change management and rotationalization of medical record forms. Because the current healthcare structure has issues associated with space constrains in HIS, office accommodation is an alternative prospect (Rouse, 2017). Regarding the anticipation of our analysis, the Project Team will have the following members: Physical Overview The IT scanning system will be an integral part of organizational management because the implementation will take place in the core organizational operations. The executive managers of health facilities will recognize the importance of integrating the IT scanning system into resourcing and reporting responsibilities (Prof, 2017). Pros and Cons of Research Project Success The success factors associated with our project include: The project’s Executive Committee approving the endorsement and funding of this project Availability of more than $200,000 means that clinicians are able to view scanned electronic documents, results, and images. Availability of a project team. Availability of an experienced project manager to initiate change management and coordinate communication Integration of IT and compatibility of infrastructure with the existing technical environment because the system needs an interface to operate Availability of policy decisions for back scanning Availability of security access levels Availability of technical support and experienced vendor delivery Because our system can authenticate the scanned patient records, merged and duplicated URs can be resolved. With bar codes on medical record forms, scanning efficiency is achieved Clinicians will utilize the knowledge gained in radiology during the implementation PACS A support Union being available Availability of an impact statement from the staff We will still use paper medical reports and thus issues associated with its use will still be experienced. It means that the storage location for paper records will have to be expanded. There is a cost associated with such expansion that will be incurred every time expansion takes place. Issues on Ethics, Integrity, Safety, and Risks In the figure shown below the project’s risk register is highlighted: Safety and Integrity Issues Considering project regulations, this activity has established a register containing hazardous processes within the project activity. We have also developed a Safety Data Sheets, which has been given to all stakeholders. Such is because they can be exposed to dangerous hospital substances during the implementation of the project. For the purpose of efficiency, the registers are developed in electronic and manual formats. They are all updated in relation to Health register database policies known as ChemAlert (iHLS Desk,  2017). The developed system will also provide: A register which consolidates all hazardous substance within the healthcare facility Access to research reports Stock inventories of chemicals on-site, chemical products, print labels, stock registers, and record approvals. Deeper information on Health Policy Directives. On ethical concerns, the table below shows the responsibility of individual stakeholders in this project. Response Plan to the Issues and Risks Because the arising issues are associated with health and cloud computing privacy concerns, our plan response will take the same direction. On cloud computing privacy and security concerns:   Security Level The framework has a security tight network programmability features in form of OVS and OFS. The two features ensure that the cloud-computing environment can be configured to enhance security protection. The cloud computing system also has a Multi-level IDS framework for ensuring that the resources for cloud computing are properly used via differentiated security strength levels (PNMSOFT, 2017). Interoperability Because the cloud-computing program is SnortFlow, it comes with a cloud cluster component for hosting service components on the XenServer. The server has two domains; the Dom O and the Dom U for administrative and hosting activities (Indicators, 2017). Scalability The cloud storage system has an OpenFlow switch that is scalable and flexible. This switch provides an environment that is cyber-physical in nature thus ensuring that the cloud-computing environment can be configured to enhance security protections (Open Innovation, 2003). Pattern Updates The system has an OpenFlow Random Host Mutation that signs virtual IP addresses to the host computers. This mechanism will protect the host computers from propagation of worms and all kinds of scanning-based attacks (Portny, 2013). Level of protection As mentioned before, the OpenFlow Random Host Mutation platform defends host computers from risks associated with stealthy scanning such as propagation of worms (Harvard Business Review, 2017). Performance The identified cloud-computing framework is accurate. Such is because the positive-false aspect of the framework does not exist thereby providing to a constant IPS goal (Greenough and Camhi, 2016). Application Field With the Multi-level IDS framework, resources of cloud computing are properly by applying differentiated levels of security strength. The network can detect, identify, and prevent intrusion. Regarding health concerns: All the hazards are identified according to their standards of exposure. We can however generalize such hazards as dangerous chemicals. Such chemicals require scientific testing to determine whether the exposure standard is exceeded. The table shown below provides the categories of hazards that could cause potential risk (Portny, 2013). Conclusion This activity has based its argument on the fact that the development and employment of IT scanned records for storing, sharing, and retrieving patient records increases the efficiency and workflow in healthcare facilities. The developed IT system uses 11 steps to record scanned images instead of the initial 35 records. The IT system also employs a technology known as open-flow based approach to store, retrieve, and share patient health history. To ensure fluidity in operation, the IT scanning system is hybrid. Being hybrid means that clinicians will continue using paper medical records before and after the launch of the proposed system. The paper forms are filled and verified by hand before storage (Portny, 2013). However, the IT scanned system will reduce risks of duplication and lose of medical histories. Because medical records are kept in the clouds, patients’ care is enhanced (Indicators, 2017). The importance of cloud storage; as mentioned earlier is that multiple individuals and healthcare facilities access patient medical records. Clinical improvement is the main issue driving the use of scanned records to manual paper records. Such improvements are also caused by fact that about 9% of traditional paper records are not provided by the clinicians or delayed. With the increase of clinical information unavailability, risks of poor medication and treatment soared as well (Portny, 2013). Reference Almudawi, N. (2016). Cloud Computing Privacy Concerns in Social Networks. [online] Available at:[Accessed 7 Jun. 2017]. Alsafi, H., Abduallah, W., and Pathan, A. (2014). IDPS: An Integrated Intrusion Handling Model for Cloud Computing Environment. [online] Available at: [Accessed 7 Jun. 2017]. Cloud Services. (2017). Cloud Computing Technologies: Cloud Services. Cloud Computing Technologies. [online] Available at:[Accessed 7 Jun. 2017]. Greenough, J. and Camhi, J. (2016). Here are IoT trends that will change the way businesses, governments, and consumers interact with the world. [online] Business Insider. Available at:  [Accessed 22 May 2017]. Harvard Business Review. (2017). Strategic Leadership: The Essential Skills. Harvard Business Review.[Online]. Available at:[24 September 2017] iHLS Desk (2017). Current IoT Security Industry Trends – iHLS. [online] iHLS. Available at: [Accessed 22 May 2017]. Indicators, K. (2017). Key Performance Indicators (KPI) | Guide and Process Explained. Application Performance Management. [Online]. Available at: [24 September 2017] Leading Edge. (2017). Cloud Computing vs. Traditional IT Infrastructure | Leading Edge. LeadingEdge IT Services & Solutions. [online] Available at:[Accessed 7 Jun. 2017]. Open Innovation. (2003). Open Innovation :: Open Innovation Community. Available at:[Accessed 24 Sep. 2017]. PNMSOFT. (2017). Business Process Management. (BPM) Software. [Online]. Available at: Portny, S.E. (2013). Project management for dummies [online]. Available at:  [Accessed 26 Sep. 2017] Prof. (2017). IBM human resource practices and HRM theories: Integration of HRM theories into IBM’s practices. [online]. Available at: [Accessed 26 Sep. 2017]. Propwise. (2014).Singapore Property Market Trends in 2014 and Beyond. [Online]. Available at:[24 September 2017] Rouse, M. (2017). What is business process management (BPM)? – Definition from SearchCIO. [Online]. Available at: [24 September 2017] The importance of Human Resource Management. (2017). Available at:[Accessed 24 Sep. 2017]. Verzuh, E (2016), The Fast Forward MBA in Project Management, 5th edn, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey. [Accessed 24 Sep. 2017].

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