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NUR329 Public Health Question: Part 1   Choose a risk factor identified in this report either on adults (pages 7 & 8) Or on children (pages 11,12 & 13) • Discuss the prevalence (health statistics) of this health area for the Australian population and compare data for Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations. • Outline the burden of disease for this health area for the Australian population, this includes outlining the DALY/YLL (you will need to find out what these mean). You may relate this to a chronic condition and present the burden of disease for this. • Briefly outline government health policies or health strategies which have been developed in association with this health area. Part 2: • Comment on one other health area different to the one you chose as presented by another • Compare their outline of the topic,’area to the one you researched. Answer: Part 1 Research Of Health Factor In Australian Health Tracker Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading chronic diseases in Australia that has high morbidity rate. One of the prime risk factors is obesity that exponentially increases the morbidity rate of the majority of the population. Therefore, this paper focuses on prime risk factor related to cardiovascular, health statistics of Australian population, burden of it and health policy in following paragraph. Cardiovascular diseases are the consequences of build up plaques in blood vessels and  heart. One of the major risk factor of cardiovascular diseases is obesity. 63.4% of the non-indigenous adult in Australian population are obese and 71.4% of the aboriginal adults in the population are overweight (Tolhurst et al., 2016). Australian burden of the disease study, 2017 reported that almost 2 in 3 adults in Australia are overweight. Obesity is also reason for hypertension, diabetes and high blood pressures. Cardiovascular disease kills one Australian every 12 minute. Therefore, it remains biggest burden in the economy. Nearly 43, 963 Australian died in 2016. However, there is room for improvement in health as researchers are working on the data base record generated by Australian health tracker. Accumulated evidences suggested that in 2025 Australian would halt the exponential rise of the obesity in population (Tolhurst et al., 2016). In 2011, 201 years of healthy life lost due to cardiovascular disease, and that is 4.5 million DALY ( disability adjusted life year) (Hoque et al., 2016). Total burden of cardiovascular disease is quite low for older people such as individual over 85 years but the rate of burden per 1000 population is quite high. However, large proportion of this burden is preventable by reducing overweight. Otherwise, obese individuals in population generally experiences are other secondary disease such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, stroke, mental illness due to social stigma, coronary heart disease, body pain and difficulty with functioning. To prevent the leading cause of cardiovascular disease obesity Australia strategies some health policies for every layer of the population. Exercising regularly for 150 to 300 minutes for preventing weight gain, Avoiding saturated fat, alcohol and sugar, Monitoring the weight regularly in order understand the how much effort need to give for preventing the disease, Monitoring the eating pattern and timing of the consuming food  are the health strategies that outlined by government of Australia (Trottier, 2017). Thus, it can be concluded that cardiovascular disease is one of the predominant cause of deathin Australia. Australian health tracker able to track the prevalence of cardiovascular disease and shows where afford need to give for reduction of risk factors such obesity. However, few health care strategies will prevent the obesity in next few years. Part 2 Discussion Board Criteria: Whooping cough is another leading cause of death in Australia. A baby of 32 days died in whooping cough in Australia from heart failure. It is extremely contagious in nature and individual can easily infected by whooping cough (Murthy et al., 2018). However, the fatal cases of whooping cough are rare in Australia. In Australia, cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death where as in whooping cough the mortality rate is low. However, cardiovascular disease is preventable by proper health strategy but whopping cough only prevented by proper vaccination. References: Hoque, M. E., Mannan, M., Long, K. Z., & Mamun, A. A. (2016). Economic burden of underweight and overweight among adults in the Asia?Pacific region: a systematic review. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 21(4), 458-469. Murthy, S., Godinho, M. A., Lakiang, T., Lewis, M. G. G., Lewis, L., & Nair, N. S. (2018). Efficacy and safety of pertussis vaccination in pregnancy to prevent whooping cough in early infancy. status and date: New, published in, (4). Tolhurst, P., Lindberg, R., Calder, R., & de Courten, M. (2016). Australia’s Health Tracker 2016: A report card on preventable chronic diseases, conditions and their risk factors: Tracking progress for a healthier Australia by 2025. Trottier, S. (2017). Dairy and Exercise as a Novel Treatment Strategy for Obesity.

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