All your Writing needs covered

PUN210 Contemporary Health Management

Calculate the price
your order:

275 words
Approximate price
$ 0.00

PUN210 Contemporary Health Management Question: Demonstrated understanding of the regulatory, ethical and cost issues involved in introducing new technology in healthcare. Demonstrated understanding of the frameworks utilised for the introduction of new technology in healthcare. Identification of the framework chosen and reasons why. Detailed business case including identification and critical analysis of benefits and risks associated with the acquisition and use of new technology as this affects the efficient, effective and safe operation of health services Demonstrated ability to apply knowledge about regulations, economics, risks and benefits in a recommendation to management in a thorough and robust discussion.  Communication plan for stakeholders, detailing how you would disseminate findings (positive and negative) of the business case and recommendations, including policies and procedures. Answer: Part 1 Health technology assessment is a type of evaluation of properties of the technology for health, which address the direct or indirect effects and intended or unintended consequences of the health assessment technology. Its aim is to inform the decision regarding the technologies of health. It can also be defined as a method of synthesis for evidence which proves the effectiveness of the clinical measures, the safety of the health care techniques and the cost-effectiveness (Wroblewski, Siney & Fleming, 2016). It also describes the social, legal and the ethical aspects of the use of the technologies of health. Health assessment technology is an international field that has grown to achieve the support of the management, the clinical necessities for a patient and the decisions of the policy. Decisions of the health policy are becoming important as the cost of the opportunity is increasing. The HTA is now-a-days is used as an innovative model of health technologies. HTA Policy Framework An effective process of HTA is very important for supporting the sustainable management in the growth of the health technologies that are been subsidized. The consistencies in the application of the evidence that are found in the Australian government are the important factors which ensure that the stakeholders are confident about the processes which are implemented in achieving the outcomes (Berstock et al., 2014). HTA For Reimbursement The government of Australia has accepted that two of the recommendations from the HTA OF 2009 reviews that it provides a policy framework for the HTA process which is a need for the entry and reimbursement in Australia. The recommendation of the HTA review report provides the evidence that is consistently applied across all over the Australia and it ensures the sustainability of the government of Australia those are financing the healthcare arrangements. The framework of this policy includes the vision, objectives, goal, and principles. These points provide a consistent and the systemic approach to HTA and a high-level statement of direction which is needed for the implementation and the integration of the function of the HTA to form a system that is coherent (Judge et al., 2014). Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme The Australian Government’s Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) gives dependable, convenient and moderate access to an extensive variety of prescriptions for all Australians. The PBS gives a posting of drugs financed by the government so the cost to the shopper is less, in some cases hundreds or thousands of dollars, than the cost of the prescription (Wallace et al., 2014). The operations of the PBS are typified in National Health Act 1953 (Part VII) and in the National Health (Pharmaceutical Benefits) Regulations under the Act. The PBS is by and large refreshed month to month to incorporate new postings and the most recent changes. Mutually Dependent And Hybrid Technologies Mutually dependent and a half and half advances can go from a solitary item with a few segments to a few sorts of administrations connected along a clinical pathway. The utilization of analytic testing, including hereditary testing, to refine persistent choice and qualification for high-cost strategies, gadgets and especially drugs, and the proceeded with the improvement of pharmaco-genomics, will give another way to deal with handling sickness, and difficulties for their evaluation (Banaszkiewicz, 2014). Part 2 Each time we move from our place to somewhere else we used to move our hip. Hence, if we have a little bit of pain in the joints of the hip than that it will create a big difficulty in our daily life activities. The pain of the hip joint can influence individuals of any age and it might keep an individual away from the daily life activities they used to do (Svege et al., 2013). A painful hip may even keep an individual from staying aware of your day by day exercises. Reasons for hip torment might be: An old crack that didn’t recuperate suitably A fundamental illness Wear and tear from years of consistent utilize, known as osteoarthritis. Preferences And Benefits Of Hip Replacement Surgery A add up to the replacement of hip can significantly decrease hip agony. After the surgery, the pain from the hip is being reduced. Without suffering from the pain that is originated from the joint of the hip the individual can move and do all their daily activities on their own and independently.   This develops the muscles around the hip joint and inside your leg (Banaszkiewicz, 2014). Without torment in your hip joint and with an expanded scope of movement, you’ll have the capacity to perform exercises of day by day living and different exercises that were restrictedby the pain before surgery. Since most aggregate hip trades keep going for quite a long while, you will have the capacity to uninhibitedly move your hip joint for a considerable length of time to come. The Extent Of The Hip Substitution: The hip substitution contextual investigation thought about the costs, setups of care and results identified with surgical methodology including expelling the hip joint (or part of the joint and part of the femur) and supplanting it with a hip prosthesis, or supplanting a prior hip prosthesis with another replacement of the hip amendment. It was used by the decision resources (DRGs) group to characterize the strategies and distinguish the information that was incorporated in the case of hip surgery(Banaszkiewicz, 2014). For this examination, it was discovered that it was important to additionally partition the DRGs into subgroups in view of the patient’s key determination to definitively look at costs, designs of care and results. It was additionally chosen to incorporate another doctor’s facility in the extent of the contextual investigation, notwithstanding the 5 clinics chose by NSW Health. To enhance the equivalence of costs, designs of care and results in connection to hip substitution, it was incorporated by the Institute of Rheumatology and Orthopedics (IRO) – an orthopedic surgery focus contiguous RPAH(Banaszkiewicz, 2014). The IRO is a different open office, with a different office code; however, the administration of hip substitution surgery at RPAH and IRO is firmly connected. The 2 offices work in a firmly organized manner and offer senior therapeutic staff in addition to clinical assets. The Key Discoveries Of The Hip Substitution Case To think about the costs, setups of care and results of the hip replacement techniques at the hospital the reports were studied then collected and analyzed. The results of the study are: The number and types of hip substitution patients at every healing center – It was discovered that it is important for the DRG level to recognizing the group of the patients, those are admitted with the pain in the hip and they are being addressed for the surgery. In this manner, the information was divided into 5 subgroups in case of the patient’s essential determination code(Caplan & Kader, 2014). These subgroups were a hip trade for joint pain, for crack, for auxiliary growth, for joint contaminations and for ‘other’ analysis. It was likewise recognized between essential hip substitutions and amendments of past hip substitutions in light of the fact that, overall, these sorts of hip substitution strategy include diverse expenses and results. Every single joint disease and half of the patients in ‘alternate’ conclusion gather are having hip substitution corrections (Berstock et al., 2014). The normal time of the staying of the patient in the hospital- It was found that there was more significant regularity of staying of every patient in a hospital. The time of the staying of the patient in the hospital was longer for patients who are surviving from fracture, tumors, joint diseases and joint inflammation (Khangura et al., 2014). It was discovered that the normal length of stay for the patients with fracture, with joint pain, joint inflammation was longer in the hospitals (Khangura et al., 2014). The expenses, or major clinical assets used to give intense inpatient care to these patients at every healing center – To contrast the costs related to the contextual analysis zones at the investigation doctor’s facilities (Rowen et al., 2017), it was inspected that the administration and utilization of a choice of clinical techniques that are utilized specifically for the care of pain. For hip substitution, the principle clinical assets that were analyzed for the costing are prostheses, nursing staff in wards, imaging, pathology, blood utilize, and working venue time(Norman et al., 2014). Prosthesis cost – It was discovered that the hospitals generally use a combination of the cost of the hip joint prostheses among the hospitals. The cost varieties originated from a few variables. The cost paid for indistinguishable or comparative sorts of items changed between clinics.In different cases, the clinics bought distinctive sorts of items at various costs (Gulácsi et al., 2014). Cost of nursing staff – It was found that the normal time of the stay at hospital and the patient staff relation were the fundamental things for nursing costs at the investigation healing centers.Healing facilities with shorter stays or lower staff-to-quiet proportions had lower nursing costs. The extents of Enrolled Nurses (ENs) and Assistants in Nursing (AINs) in their staffing affects the cost of nursing (Caro et al., 2015). Imaging and pathology costs – It was discovered that inside every patient subgroup, the normal cost recognized to all imaging and pathology tests per patient during their critical operation.This cost was for the most part somewhat lower for some hospitals and more for some of the other testing centers (Facey et al., 2014). Blood utilize costs – It was discovered that patients with an amendment got a normal of 2-4 units of blood. Patients those who were at affected by fractures are provided with 2 units of blood and thepatients with little cracks or arranged hip substitutions got overall under 1 unit of blood (Kanis & Hiligsmann, 2014). The arrangements of care used to give and oversee hip substitution quiet care at every healing facility – It was recognized 3 noteworthy contrasts in the way the investigation doctor’s facilities overseen and gave the care to hip substitution patients, containing contrasts in the way they dealt with their crisis and arranged surgical workloads; utilized prosthesis segments, and dealt with the procedure for choosing those parts; and dealt with the recovery period of patient care (Henshall et al., 2013) Indicators of result, wellbeing, and quality of hip swap strategies for every clinic – It was discovered that a portion of the result pointers was misleading or hard to interpret for all hip substitution patients and that results vary for crack and joint pain patients. It was viewed as the execution of the examination healing facilities against the clinical markers (Henshall et al., 2013). It was discovered that there was no factually critical contrast in the examination doctor’s facilities’ hazard balanced 30-day death rates for crack patients. The number of deaths was too little to permit correlations between the healing facilities for joint inflammation patients (Henshall et al., 2013). Key Ramifications Of These Discoveries The wide variety in prosthesis determination for hip substitutions ought to be tended to by NSW Health. There were significant contrasts between the think about doctor’s facilities in connection to spontaneous readmission and wound disease rates. While these distinctions may essentially reflect contrasts in estimation or case mix among the examination healing facilities, these distinctions ought to be researched encourage by clinical master gatherings to survey whether additionally, activity is justified (Husereau et al., 2014). DRGs Are Not Uniform Groupings Benchmarking investigations of the execution of individual doctor’s facilities and the general population and private healing center segments frequently utilize DRGs as the reason for looking finally of stay and cost. This accepts patients whose condition or method has been coded with the same DRG are generally comparable. Models for case-mix or scene construct financing are based with respect to comparable suspicions. In any case, our examination unmistakably demonstrates that such presumptions are not legitimate for all conditions or methodology (Husereau et al., 2014). For the hip substitution contextual analysis, it was discovered that the three DRGs are not uniform and that there are subsets of patients that offer a larger number of likenesses than the DRG gatherings. It was additionally discovered that utilizing DRGs was not our favored reason for looking at healing centers’ expenses, and certainly, may not be the best reason for setting scene financing levels (Ciani et al., 2015). The ramifications of this are healing center examinations in light of DRGs can delude and may not give the premise to sensible correlations. For some DRGs, it is important to test in the event that they contain subsets of patients with comparable asset prerequisites by ‘penetrating down’ into DRGs (Ciani et al., 2015). Estimation of the length of remain – A critical determinant of a patient’s cost of care is the length of remain. The NHCDC is as of now in view of the scene length of remain. It was discovered that scene lengths are not measured reliably by healing centers. Furthermore, scenes are not a proper length of stay measure for clinical groupings like hip substitutions that include exchanges to or from different healing facilities (eg, for recovery mind). Dealing with the recovery period of care – The fundamental contrast in the investigation healing facilities’ game plans for giving restoration care to hip substitution patients It was recognized was the degree to which they exchanged patients to a recovery office for this stage or gave restoration mind in-house (Ciani et al., 2015). The extent of all hip substitution patients were exchanged out of every doctor’s facility. It was discovered that this extent fluctuated generally over the healing facilities. Likewise, it was noticed that this current healing center’s restoration ward arrangement was that patients couldn’t be moved from intense beds to the ward until the point when all channels and catheters were expelled (Trumm et al., 2014). This approach was brought up in the doctor’s facility visit as a factor that could possibly build the length of hip substitution patients’ stay in the healing facility’s surgical wards and postpone their release, yet it did not see proof of this from our length of stay examinations. Notwithstanding, where patients have to bolster at home or in a nursing home, the healing center’s arrangement was to release them and give recovery mind through group nurture visits. Amid our healing center visits, the staff at essentially all the investigation doctor’s facilities shown that cutoff points on their entrance to advance down or restoration offices may defer the exchange from intense beds of slight elderly patients who never again require intense care (Trumm et al., 2014). Result, Wellbeing And Quality Pointers The terms of reference for this investigation expected us to dissect accessible information on contrasts in clinical results over the 5 think about healing facilities. However, while there are various well-being and quality markers being gathered locally, at the state level and through clinical registries, there are few clinically concurred result pointers. All things considered, it was discovered that information on just a couple of pointers of clinical results is gathered reliably crosswise over healing centers, or on an all-inclusive (or national) premise. Accordingly, the work of the clinical specialists is to set up an arrangement of result, wellbeing and quality pointers that are clinically pertinent, and for which it was could plausibly acquire information in the time span for our examination (Garcia-Rey et al. 2014). It was discovered that a portion of the result markers was misleading or hard to translate for all hip substitution patients and that results in contrast for a break and joint pain patients. In that capacity, information was acquired for joint pain patients and crack patients independently for a portion of the pointers. Approaches to creating clinical pointers To distinguish the pointers it should concentrate on for this investigation, it worked with various famous clinicians on our Clinical Reference Group to build up an arrangement of result markers. It was additionally counseled clinicians in ponder doctor’s facilities and looked for encouraging guidance from clinicians with particular ability in the fields of enthusiasm, as well as other pertinent associations (Garcia-Rey et al. 2014). Investigating Pointers And Hazard Changing For Quiet Qualities Recognize that doctor’s facilities’ execution against numerous result pointers isn’t easy to translate and, when considered in disengagement, can misdirect. In this manner, this execution should be broke down inside the fitting setting. What’s more, doctor’s facilities treat patients with various blends of diseases, which can impact the probability of unfriendly results at the healing facilities. To make significant and reasonable correlations of the execution of the examination doctor’s facilities on some result markers, the investigations were risk-balanced for factors outside the control of the healing centers (Garcia-Rey  et al. 2014) Spontaneous Doctor’s Facility Readmission Rates This marker measures the rate of impromptu doctor’s facility readmissions to the theater for patients inside 28 days of partition for hip substitution surgery. A ‘spontaneous doctor’s facility readmission’ alludes to an unforeseen confirmation for: Further treatment of a similar condition for which the patient was beforehand hospitalized Treatment of a condition identified with one for which the patient was being hospitalized earlier. A difficulty of the condition for which the patient was beforehand hospitalized. The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) has noticed that an impromptu doctor’s facility readmission may reflect not as much as ideal patient administration and inadequate care pre-release, post-release as well as amid the progress between acute and group-based care (Arabnejad et al., 2017). Great restorative or potentially surgical mediation, together with great release arranging, will diminish the probability of surgery which is not planned. References Arabnejad, S., Johnston, B., Tanzer, M., & Pasini, D. (2017). Fully porous 3d printed titanium femoral stem to reduce stress?shielding following total hip arthroplasty. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 35(8), 1774-1783. Banaszkiewicz, P. A. (2014). Clinical and radiographic evaluation of total hip replacement. A standard system of terminology for reporting results. In Classic Papers in Orthopaedics (pp. 23-26). Springer London. Banaszkiewicz, P. A. (2014). Dislocations After Total Hip-Replacement Arthroplasties. In Classic Papers in Orthopaedics(pp. 113-115). Springer London. Banaszkiewicz, P. A. (2014). Ectopic Ossification Following Total Hip Replacement: Incidence and a Method of Classification. In Classic Papers in Orthopaedics (pp. 105-107). Springer London. Banaszkiewicz, P. A. (2014). Traumatic arthritis of the hip after dislocation and acetabular fractures: treatment by mold arthroplasty: an end-result study using a new method of result evaluation. In Classic Papers in Orthopaedics (pp. 13-17). Springer London. Berstock, J. R., Beswick, A. D., Lenguerrand, E., Whitehouse, M. R., & Blom, A. W. (2014). Mortality after total hip replacement surgery. Bone and Joint Research, 3(6), 175-182. Berstock, J. R., Beswick, A. D., Lenguerrand, E., Whitehouse, M. R., & Blom, A. W. (2014). Mortality after total hip replacement surgery. Bone and Joint Research, 3(6), 175-182. Caplan, N., & Kader, D. F. (2014). A comparison of four models of total knee-replacement prostheses. In Classic Papers in Orthopaedics (pp. 169-171). Springer London. Caro, J. J., Möller, J., Karnon, J., Stahl, J., & Ishak, J. (2015). Discrete event simulation for health technology assessment. CRC Press. Ciani, O., Wilcher, B., Blankart, C. R., Hatz, M., Rupel, V. P., Erker, R. S., … & Taylor, R. S. (2015). Health technology assessment of medical devices: a survey of non-European union agencies. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 31(3), 154-165. Facey, K., Granados, A., Guyatt, G., Kent, A., Shah, N., Van Der Wilt, G. J., & Wong-Rieger, D. (2014). Generating health technology assessment evidence for rare diseases. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 30(4), 416-422. Garcia-Rey, E., Cruz-Pardos, A., & Madero, R. (2014). Clinical outcome following conversion of Girdlestone’s resection arthroplasty to total hip replacement. Bone Joint J, 96(11), 1478-1484. Gulácsi, L., Rotar, A. M., Niewada, M., Löblová, O., Rencz, F., Petrova, G., … & Klazinga, N. S. (2014). Health technology assessment in Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. The European journal of health economics, 15(1), 13-25. Henshall, C., & Schuller, T. (2013). Health technology assessment, value-based decision making, and innovation. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 29(4), 353-359. Husereau, D., Marshall, D. A., Levy, A. R., Peacock, S., & Hoch, J. S. (2014). Health technology assessment and personalized medicine: are economic evaluation guidelines sufficient to support decision making?. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 30(2), 179-187. Judge, A., Batra, R. N., Thomas, G. E., Beard, D., Javaid, M. K., Murray, D. W., … & Cooper, C. (2014). Body mass index is not a clinically meaningful predictor of patient reported outcomes of primary hip replacement surgery: prospective cohort study. Osteoarthritis and cartilage, 22(3), 431-439. Kanis, J. A., & Hiligsmann, M. (2014). The application of health technology assessment in osteoporosis. Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, 28(6), 895-910. Khangura, S., Polisena, J., Clifford, T. J., Farrah, K., & Kamel, C. (2014). Rapid review: an emerging approach to evidence synthesis in health technology assessment. International journal of technology assessment in health care, 30(1), 20-27. Norman, G., Llewellyn, A., Harden, M., Coatesworth, A., Kimberling, D., Schilder, A., & McDaid, C. (2014). Systematic review of the limited evidence base for treatments of Eustachian tube dysfunction: a health technology assessment. Clinical Otolaryngology, 39(1), 6-21. Rowen, D., Brazier, J., Ara, R., & Zouraq, I. A. (2017). The role of condition-specific preference-based measures in health technology assessment. PharmacoEconomics, 1-9. Svege, I., Nordsletten, L., Fernandes, L., & Risberg, M. A. (2013). Exercise therapy may postpone total hip replacement surgery in patients with hip osteoarthritis: a long-term follow-up of a randomised trial. Annals of the rheumatic diseases, annrheumdis-2013. Trumm, B. N., Callaghan, J. J., George, C. A., Liu, S. S., Goetz, D. D., & Johnston, R. C. (2014). Minimum 20-year follow-up results of revision total hip arthroplasty with improved cementing technique. The Journal of arthroplasty, 29(1), 236-241. Wallace, G., Judge, A., Prieto-Alhambra, D., de Vries, F., Arden, N. K., & Cooper, C. (2014). The effect of body mass index on the risk of post-operative complications during the 6 months following total hip replacement or total knee replacement surgery. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, 22(7), 918-927. Wroblewski, B. M., Siney, P. D., & Fleming, P. A. (2016). Changing Patterns of Patients Presenting for the Operation. In Charnley Low-Frictional Torque Arthroplasty of the Hip (pp. 331-336). Springer International Publishing.

Basic features

  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support

On-demand options

  • Writer's samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading

Paper format

  • 275 words per page
  • 12pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, CHicago/Turabian, Havard)

Guaranteed originality

We guarantee 0% plagiarism! Our orders are custom made from scratch. Our team is dedicated to providing you academic papers with zero traces of plagiarism.

Affordable prices

We know how hard it is to pay the bills while being in college, which is why our rates are extremely affordable and within your budget. You will not find any other company that provides the same quality of work for such affordable prices.

Best experts

Our writer are the crème de la crème of the essay writing industry. They are highly qualified in their field of expertise and have extensive experience when it comes to research papers, term essays or any other academic assignment that you may be given!

Calculate the price of your order

You will get a personal manager and a discount.
We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:

Expert paper writers are just a few clicks away

Place an order in 3 easy steps. Takes less than 5 mins.

error: Content is protected !!
Open chat
How Can We Help You?
Affordable. Nursing. Papers Inc
Our Experts Are Online and Ready To Help You.