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SPHE295 Foundations Of Nutrition

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SPHE295 Foundations Of Nutrition Question: Discussion 1: Comparison of State and National Data Post your responses to the Discussion based on the course requirements. Your Discussion postings should be written in standard edited English and follow APA guidelines as closely as possible given the constraints of the online platform. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate.  Cassandra father has recently been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Although she already knows that diabetes is a major health problem in the United States, she is surprised to discover that it is one of the leading causes of death. As she researches diabetes, she is even more surprised to learn that the prevalence of diabetes is significantly higher in the state of Tennessee, where she and her family live, than in most other states. Although the data she looks at sometimes vary depending on the source, comparing data from her state with national data gives her a better understanding of the impact of this disease. As Cassandra examines genetic, lifestyle, and environmental risk factors for the disease, she uncovers compelling distinctions between Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes that heighten her interest in addressing this health problem through her work as a health care administrator and as an advocate for improving health outcomes, not only for her father, but also for others who suffer from complications of Type 2 diabetes. In this Discussion, you will research one of the leading causes of death in the United States, comparing data from your state with national data and examining risk factors associated with the health problem. To prepare for this Discussion, examine the leading causes of death in the United States using the following websites from this moduleLearning Resources: CDC: Leading Causes of Death Medical News Today: What Are the Top 10 Leading Causes of Death in the US? Select one leading cause of death on which to focus for this Discussion. Using credible websites, research how your state data compare to national data related to this health condition. For example, you may search for information on the following websites, found in this module Learning Resources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) United Health Foundation: America Health Rankings Trust for America Health Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Ensure that you examine comparable data from reliable sources. For instance, look at state and national prevalence rates from the same year and, ideally, from the same source. Review the information on determinants of health (also referred to as risk factors) presented in Chapter 2 of the Shi and Singh (2015) textbook. In addition, conduct research using the Walden library and credible websites to identify and analyze the causes of your selected health problem and associated lifestyle, genetic, and environmental risk factors. If you are an international student, you may research a leading cause of death in your country and compare data from your local community with national data. Post a substantive and cohesive response to the following: Describe one of the leading causes of death. Compare your state data with national data related to this health problem. Identify your sources of data. Describe the causes of this health problem and associated lifestyle, genetic, and environmental risk factors/determinants. Reminder: Use and cite sources to support your posting and responses. Answer: Leading Causes Of Heart Diseases Introduction: An apple a day keeps the doctor away, but not so much in the United States. The country’s health statistics have been shown an increase in the number of people who are suffering from life threatening diseases which are the leading causes of death. For the purpose of this assignment, I have chosen and shall discuss diseases related to the heart. Heart diseases can be divided into two categories depending up on which part of the cardiovascular system is affected, whether it is the arteries or the blood vessels carrying the blood or the heart itself. Examples of heart diseases include coronary artery heart disease, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy or heart infections that may be present before the baby is born. State Versus National Data Heart disease remains the leading cause of death in the U.S., accounting for almost 1 in every 4 deaths, and affecting significantly more men than women (Nichols, 2017). According to the website of Centre for Disease Control & Prevention around 28. 4 million people are affected with heart diseases. Heart diseases are almost always very serious and cannot be taken lightly. The heart is the most vital organ in the body. According to the website of medical daily, the total number of people that die due to heart related diseases every year is 614,348. Causes Of Heart Disease Heart or cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States (Wedro, 2016). It is a known fact that a number of things contribute to the occurrence of heart disease. Below are discussed a few of them. Lifestyle factors- A person’s life style is a very big factor in determining his overall health. Consumption of fatty foods is a very major reason why people suffer from heart related diseases. Smoking, hypertension also known as blood pressure and eating unhealthy are all causes of instigating diseases related to the heart. Genetics- Genetics play a very important role for a person with a heart disease. If a person’s parents or someone in his blood relation has had a heart disease, he or she is more likely to have the same disease. The risk for heart disease can increase even more when heredity combines with unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as smoking cigarettes and eating an unhealthy diet (anonymous, 2015). Environmental factors- Environmental factors play a major role in affecting the lives of humans. The amount of pollutions, chemicals or toxins a person is exposed to can determine his health. Exposure to chemicals such as polyaromatic hydrocarbons, aldehydes, and metals is reported to elevate CVD risk by affecting atherogenesis, thrombosis, or blood pressure regulation (O’Toole TE1, 2008). Reference:  anonymous. (2015, august 20). Family History and Other Characteristics That Increase Risk for Heart Disease. Retrieved september 25, 2017, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Nichols, H. (2017, february 23). The top 10 leading causes of death in the United States. Retrieved september 23, 2017, from medicalnewstoday: O’Toole TE1, C. D. (2008). Environmental risk factors for heart disease. US National Library of Medicine , 167-202. Wedro, B. (2016, october 10). Heart Disease (Cardiovascular Disease, CVD). Retrieved september 24, 2017, from

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